Laser Plasmas and Spectroscopy

Our research is focused on the interaction of intense lasers with matter, in all of its forms. Current applications include finding novel materials for next generation semiconductor manufacturing and laser based methods for contaminant analysis and removal from wind turbine blades.

About the Research Area

When an intense laser interacts with matter (in all of its forms), a set of complex optical and plasma processes are set in motion. By spectroscopically analysing the light emitted (or absorbed) during the interaction these processes can be understood, and even manipulated. A host of applications are enabled in areas as diverse as energy generation, manufacturing, novel materials and environmental monitoring. We collaborate widely with international laboratories and industrial partners on all aspects of the work from theory to experiment to translation.

Research Projects

Laser Clean Project –

Laser Plasmas and Spectroscopy Publications


Femtosecond profiling of shaped x-ray pulses. Hoffmann, M.C; Grguraš, I; Behrens, C; Bostedt, C; Bozek, J; Bromberger, H; Coffee, R; Costello, J.T; Dimauro, L.F; Ding, Y; Doumy, G; Helml, W; Ilchen, M; Kienberger, R; Lee, S; Maier, A.R; Mazza, T; Meyer, M; Messerschmidt, M; Schorb, S; Schweinberger, W; Zhang, K; Cavalieri, A.L. New Journal of Physics 2018

Modification of polymer substrates with extreme ultraviolet — Potential application in cancer cell identification. Ahad, I.U; Pabijan, J; Pogoda, K; Hughes, C; Bartnik, A; Fiedorowicz, H; Lekka, M; Brabazon, D. Acta Physica Polonica A 2018

Surface structuring and wettability control of Polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) using extreme ultraviolet (EUV) surface modification. Ul Ahad, I; Bartnik, A; Budner, B; Fiedorowicz, H; Brabazon, D. Proceedings – 2017 13th International Conference on Emerging Technologies, ICET2017 2018

Evolution of L -shell photoabsorption of the molecular-ion series Si Hn+ (n=1,2,3): Experimental and theoretical studies. Kennedy, E.T; Mosnier, J.-P; Van Kampen, P; Bizau, J.-M; Cubaynes, D; Guilbaud, S; Carniato, S; Puglisi, A; Sisourat, N. Physical Review A 2018

X-ray photochemistry of carbon hydride molecular ions. Puglisi, A; Miteva, T; Kennedy, E.T; Mosnier, J.-P; Bizau, J.-M; Cubaynes, D; Sisourat, N; Carniato, S. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2018

Interaction of ultrafast laser pulses with nanostructure surfaces. Lübcke, A; Schnürer, M; Ehrentraut, L; Wehner, R; Grunwald, R; McGlynn, E; Byrne, D; Lowry, S. Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry 2018

Time-integrated and time-resolved VUV LIBS: A comparative study. Zehra, S.S; Costello, J.T; Nicolosi, P; Hayden, P. Proceedings of SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering 2018

Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses. Helml, W; Grguraš, I; Juranić, P.N; Düsterer, S; Mazza, T; Maier, A.R; Hartmann, N; Ilchen, M; Hartmann, G; Patthey, L; Callegari, C; Costello, J.T; Meyer, M; Coffee, R.N; Cavalieri, A.L; Kienberger, R. Applied Sciences (Switzerland) 2017

Mediator-free interaction of glucose oxidase, as model enzyme for immobilization, with Al-doped and undoped ZnO thin films laser-deposited on polycarbonate supports. V.T.K.P., F; Inguva, S; Krishnamurthy, S; Marsili, E; Mosnier, J.-P; T.S., C. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 2017

Two- and three-photon partial photoionization cross sections of Li+, Ne8+ and Ar16+ under XUV radiation. Hanks, W; Costello, J.T; Nikolopoulos, L.A.A. Applied Sciences (Switzerland) 2017

Surface roughness control by extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation. Ahad, I.U; Obeidi, M.A; Budner, B; Bartnik, A; Fiedorowicz, H; Brabazon, D. AIP Conference Proceedings 2017

Time resolved anisotropic emission from an aluminium laser produced plasma. Wubetu, G.A; Fiedorowicz, H; Costello, J.T; Kelly, T.J. Physics of Plasmas 2017

Comparison of the polarisation of line and continuum emission in a laser produced plasma. Wubetu, G.A; Kelly, T.J; Van Kampen, P; Fiedorowicz, H; Bartnik, A; Wachulak, P; Skrzeczanowski, W; Costello, J.T. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2017

Pulsed laser deposition of plasmonic nanostructured gold on flexible transparent polymers at atmospheric pressure. McCann, R; Hughes, C; Bagga, K; Stalcup, A; Vázquez, M; Brabazon, D. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 2017

Optical diagnostics of laser-produced aluminium plasmas under water. Walsh, N; Costello, J.T; Kelly, T.J. Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 2017

Angular distribution and circular dichroism in the two-colour XUV+NIR above-threshold ionization of helium. Mazza, T; Ilchen, M; Rafipoor, A.J; Callegari, C; Finetti, P; Plekan, O; Prince, K.C; Richter, R; Demidovich, A; Grazioli, C; Avaldi, L; Bolognesi, P; Coreno, M; O’Keeffe, P; Di Fraia, M; Devetta, M; Ovcharenko, Y; Lyamayev, V; Düsterer, S; Ueda, K; Costello, J.T; Gryzlova, E.V; Strakhova, S.I; Grum-Grzhimailo, A.N; Bozhevolnov, A.V; Kazansky, A.K; Kabachnik, N.M; Meyer, M. Journal of Modern Optics 2016

Angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of two-color XUV-NIR ionization with polarization control. Düsterer, S; Hartmann, G; Babies, F; Beckmann, A; Brenner, G; Buck, J; Costello, J; Dammann, L; Fanis, A.D; Geßler, P; Glaser, L; Ilchen, M; Johnsson, P; Kazansky, A.K; Kelly, T.J; Mazza, T; Meyer, M; Nosik, V.L; Sazhina, I.P; Scholz, F; Seltmann, J; Sotoudi, H; Viefhaus, J; Kabachnik, N.M. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 2016

Two-electron processes in multiple ionization under strong soft-x-ray radiation. Ilchen, M; Mazza, T; Karamatskos, E.T; Markellos, D; Bakhtiarzadeh, S; Rafipoor, A.J; Kelly, T.J; Walsh, N; Costello, J.T; O’Keeffe, P; Gerken, N; Martins, M; Lambropoulos, P; Meyer, M. Physical Review A 2016

The Laser-assisted photoelectric effect of He, Ne, Ar and Xe in intense extreme ultraviolet and infrared laser fields. Hayden, P; Dardis, J; Hough, P; Richardson, V; Kennedy, E.T; Costello, J.T; Düsterer, S; Redlin, H; Feldhaus, J; Li, W.B; Cubaynes, D; Meyer, M. Journal of Modern Optics 2016

A simple, low cost interferometric autocorrelator with no moving parts. Kelly, T.J; Davitt, S.J; Costello, J.T. Measurement Science and Technology 2016

Extreme ultraviolet surface modification of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for surface structuring and wettability control. Ahad, I.U; Fiedorowicz, H; Budner, B; Kaldonski, T.J; Vázquez, M; Bartnik, A; Brabazon, D. Acta Physica Polonica A 2016

Inner-shell photoexcitations as probes of the molecular ions CH+, OH+, and SiH+: Measurements and theory INNER-SHELL PHOTOEXCITATIONS AS PROBES of the … J.-P. MOSNIER et al.. Mosnier, J.-P; Kennedy, E.T; Van Kampen, P; Cubaynes, D; Guilbaud, S; Sisourat, N; Puglisi, A; Carniato, S; Bizau, J.-M. Physical Review A 2016

Morphological and chemical changes of aerosolized E. coli treated with a dielectric barrier discharge. Romero-Mangado, J; Nordlund, D; Soberon, F; Deane, G; Maughan, K; Sainio, S; Singh, G; Daniels, S; Saunders, I.T; Loftus, D; Meyyappan, M; Koehne, J; Gandhiraman, R.P. Biointerphases 2016