The NCPST investigates plasma based technologies for new and improved energy production and storage.

About the Research Area

With environmental requirements there is a need to reduce carbon emissions and our reliance on fossil fuels. This alongside an increase in worldwide energy demand requires investing in clean sustainable energy solutions. We conduct fundamental research on developing energy related technologies. These include nuclear fusion energy production and sustainable energy storage options. Fusion energy has the potential to provide a sustainable solution to global energy needs and in particular provide a continuous baseload power supply which is sustainable, large-scale and environmentally responsible. The conditions required to induce a self-sustaining fusion reaction are almost unbelievably extreme: A temperature of millions of degrees must be produced. This is very challenging, but it seems to be getting closer to realisation. The NCPST is a member of the EUROfusion consortium and part of a large-scale international scientific experiment that is exploring the ability to produce commercial energy from fusion – ITER.

Alongside new sustainable energy sources, storage and transport solutions are equally important. With increasing employment of renewable energy sources e.g. wind and solar, there is a need for flexible storage solutions to handle discontinuous energy supply. Plasma technologies can be quickly and easily turned on and off and used to convert energy into fuels or chemicals. We research plasma gas conversion concepts e.g. CO_2 conversion into value-added chemicals and renewable fuels. The NCPST is a partner in the ITN PIONEER project on Plasma Catalysis for CO_2 Recycling.

Research Projects

Energy Publications


Stress study of 1.5 μm emission in Si : Er and GaAs : Er. Leitào, J.P; Carmo, M.C; Henry, M.O. Journal of Luminescence 1997

Radioactive isotope identifications of Au and Pt photoluminescence centres in silicon. Henry, M.O; Alves, E; Bollmann, J; Burchard, A; Deicher, M; Fanciulli, M; Forkel-Wirth, D; Knopf, M.H; Lindner, S; Magerle, R; McGlynn, E; McGuigan, K.G; Soares, J.C; Stotzler, A; Weyer, G. Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research 1998

Synchrotron X-ray topographic study of dislocations in GaAs detector crystals grown by vertical gradient freeze technique. Tuomi, T; Juvonen, M; Rantamaki, R; Hjelt, K; Bavdaz, M; Nenonen, S; Gagliardi, M.-A; McNally, P.J; Danilewsky, A.N; Prieur, E; Taskinen, M; Tuominen, M. Materials Research Society Symposium – Proceedings 1998

The 777 meV photoluminescence band in Si : Pt. Leitão, J.P; Carmo, M.C; Henry, M.O; McGlynn, E; Bolmann, J; Lindner, S. Physica B: Condensed Matter 1999

Light to light efficiencies in luminescent solar concentrators. Swift, Paul D; Smith, Geoff B; Franklin, Jim B. Proceedings of SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering 1999

Photoluminescence analysis of semiconductors using radioactive isotopes. Henry, M.O; Deicher, M; Magerle, R; Mcglynn, E; Stotzler, A. Hyperfine Interactions 2000

Uniaxial stress study of the 1026-meV center in Si:Pt. Leitão, J.P; Carmo, M.C; Henry, M.O; McGlynn, E. Physical Review B – Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2001

The evolution of point defects in semiconductors studied using the decay of implanted radioactive isotopes. Henry, M.O; McGlynn, E; Fryar, J; Lindner, S; Bollmann, J. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 2001

Synchrotron X-ray topography of undoped VCz GaAs crystals. Tuomi, T; Knuuttila, L; Riikonen, J; McNally, P.J; Chen, W.-M; Kanatharana, J; Neubert, M; Rudolph, P. Journal of Crystal Growth 2002

Examination of mechanical stresses in silicon substrates due to lead-tin solder bumps via micro-Raman spectroscopy and finite element modelling. Kanatharana, J; Pérez-Camacho, J.J; Buckley, T; McNally, P.J; Tuomi, T; Riikonen, J; Danilewsky, A.N; O’Hare, M; Lowney, D; Chen, W; Rantamäki, R; Knuuttila, L. Semiconductor Science and Technology 2002

Color considerations in fluorescent solar concentrator stacks. Swift, P.D; Smith, G.B. Applied Optics 2003

Correlation of Raman and X-ray diffraction measurements of annealed pulsed laser deposited ZnO thin films. Roy, C; Byrne, S; McGlynn, E; Mosnier, J.-P; De Posada, E; O’Mahony, D; Lunney, J.G; Henry, M.O; Ryan, B; Cafolla, A.A. Thin Solid Films 2003

Pulsed laser deposition of ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO thin films. De Posada, E; Tobin, G; McGlynn, E; Lunney, J.G. Applied Surface Science 2003

Excitonic properties of the polar faces of bulk ZnO after wet etching. Fryar, J; McGlynn, E; Henry, M.O; Cafolla, A.A; Hanson, C.J. Physica B: Condensed Matter 2003

Ultraviolet stimulated emission from bulk and polycrystalline ZnO thin films with varying grain sizes. Tobin, G; McGlynn, E; Henry, M.O; Mosnier, J.P; Lunney, J.G; O’Mahony, D; DePosada, E. Physica B: Condensed Matter 2003

Optical absorption of a Li-related impurity in ZnO. Mc Cabe, D; Johnston, K; Henry, M.O; Mc Glynn, E; Alves, E; John Davies, J. Physica B: Condensed Matter 2003

Exciton-polariton behaviour in bulk and polycrystalline ZnO. McGlynn, E; Fryar, J; Henry, M.O; Mosnier, J.-P; Lunney, J.G; O’Mahony, D; DePosada, E. Physica B: Condensed Matter 2003

Effect of polycrystallinity on the optical properties of highly oriented ZnO grown by pulsed laser deposition. McGlynn, E; Fryar, J; Tobin, G; Roy, C; Henry, M.O; Mosnier, J.-P; De Posada, E; Lunney, J.G. Thin Solid Films 2004

The dominant role of adsorbed fluid layers on the polar surfaces of ZnO in ambient atmospheric conditions. Fryar, J; McGlynn, E; Henry, M.O; Cafolla, A.A; Hanson, C.J. Nanotechnology 2004

Optimisation of a three-colour luminescent solar concentrator daylighting system. Earp, A.A; Smith, G.B; Franklin, J; Swift, P. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 2004

Maximising the light output of a Luminescent Solar Concentrator. Earp, A.A; Smith, G.B; Swift, P.D; Franklin, J. Solar Energy 2004

Experimental studies of the JET NBI neutraliser plasma. Crowley, B; Surrey, E; Cox, S.J; Ciric, D; Ellingboe, A.R. Fusion Engineering and Design 2003

Neutralisation of intense ion beams at JET. Crowley, B; Cox, S.J; Surrey, E; Jenkins, I; Keeling, D; Jones, T.T.C; Ellingboe, A.R. Proceedings – Symposium on Fusion Engineering 2003

Overview of JET results. 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Carman, P; Carralero, D; Carraro, L; Carter, T; Carvalho, B.B; Carvalho, P; Casati, A; Castaldo, C; Caughman, J; Cavazzana, R; Cavinato, M; Cecconello, M; Cecil, F.E; Cenedese, A; Centioli, C; Cesario, R; Challis, C.D; Chandler, M; Chang, C; Chankin, A; Chapman, I.T; Child, D.J; Chiru, P; Chitarin, G; Chugonov, I; Chugunov, I; Ciric, D; Clairet, F; Clarke, R.H; Clay, R; Clever, M; Coad, J.P; Coates, P.A; Coccorese, V; Cocilovo, V; Coda, S; Coelho, R; Coenen, J; Coffey, I; Colas, L; Cole, M; Collins, S; Combs, S; Compan, J; Conboy, J.E; Conroy, S; Cook, N; Cook, S.P; Coombs, D; Cooper, S.R; Corre, Y; Corrigan, G; Cortes, S; Coster, D; Counsell, G.F; Courtois, X; Cox, M; Craciunescu, T; Cramp, S; Crisanti, F; Croft, O; Crombe, K; Crowley, B.J; Cruz, N; Cupido, L; Curuia, M; Cusack, R.A; Czarnecka, A; Dalley, S; Daly, E.T; Dalziel, A; Darrow, D; David, O; Davies, N; Davis, J.J; Day, I.E; Day, C; De Angelis, R; de Arcas, G; de Baar, M.R; de la Cal, E; de la Luna, E; de Pablos, J.L; De Temmerman, G; De Tommasi, G; de Vries, P.C; De-Angelis, R; Degli Agostini, F; Delabie, E; del-Castillo-Negrete, D; Delpech, L; Denisov, G; Denyer, A.J; Denyer, R.F; Devaux, S; Devynck, P; Di Matteo, L; Di Pace, L; Dirken, P.J; Dnestrovskiy, A; Dodt, D; Dominiczak, K; Dorling, S.E; Douai, D; Down, A.P; Doyle, P.T; Drake, J.R; Dreischuh, T; Drozdov, V; Dumortier, P; Dunai, D; Duran, I; Durodié, F; Dylst, K; Eaton, R; Edlington, T; Edwards, A.M; Edwards, D.T; Edwards, P.K; Eich, T; Ekedahl, A; Elevant, T; Elfimov, A; Ellingboe, B; Elsmore, C.G; Emmoth, B; Ericsson, G; Eriksson, L.G; Eriksson, A; Esposito, B; Esser, H.G; Estrada, T; Evangelidis, E.A; Evans, G.E; Ewart, G.D; Ewers, D.T; Falchetto, G; Falie, D; Fanthome, J.G.A; Farina, D; Farthing, J.W; Fasoli, A; Faugeras, B; Fedorczak, N; Felton, R.C; Fenzi, C; Fernandes, H; Ferreira, J.A; Ferreira, J; Ferron, J; Fessey, J.A; Figini, L; Figueiredo, A; Figueiredo, J; Finburg, P; Finken, K.H; Fischer, U; Fitzgerald, N; Flanagan, J; Fleming, C; Fonseca, A; 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Gunn, J; Gupta, A; Guzdar, P; Hacek, P; Hackett, L.J; Hacquin, S; Haist, B; Hakola, A; Hall, S.J; Hallworth Cook, S.P; Hamilton, D.T; Han, H; Handley, R.C; Harding, S; Harling, J.D.W; Harting, D; Harvey, M.J; Haupt, T.D.V; Havlickova, E; Hawkes, N.C; Hawryluk, R; Hay, J.H; Hayashi, N; Haydon, P.W; Hayward, I.R; Hazel, S; Heesterman, P.J.L; Heidbrink, W; Heikkinen, J; Hellesen, C; Hellsten, T; Hemming, O.N; Hender, T.C; Henderson, M; Hennig, C; Hennion, V; Hidalgo, C; Higashijima, S; Hill, J.W; Hill, M; Hill, K; Hillairet, J; Hillis, D; Hirai, T; Hitchin, M; Hobirk, J; Hogan, C; Hogben, C.H.A; Hogeweij, G.M.D; Hollingham, I.C; Holyaka, R; Homfray, D.A; Honeyands, G; Hong, S.H; Hopf, C; Horn, B.A; Horton, A.R; Horton, L.D; Hotchin, S.P; Hough, M.R; Houlberg, W; Howell, D.F; Hron, M; Huber, A; Huddleston, T.M; Hudson, Z; Hughes, M; Hühnerbein, M; Hume, C.C; Hunt, A.J; Hunter, C.L; Hutchinson, T.S; Huygen, S; Huysmans, G; Hynönen, V; Ide, S; Igreja, R; Illescas, C; Imbeaux, F; Ivanova, D; 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Nuclear Fusion 2003

Surface excitonic emission and quenching effects in ZnO nanowire/nanowall systems: Limiting effects on device potential. Grabowska, J; Meaney, A; Nanda, K.K; Mosnier, J.-P; Henry, M.O; Duclère, J.-R; McGlynn, E. Physical Review B – Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2005

Studying the growth conditions, the alignment and structure of ZnO nanorods. Grabowska, J; Nanda, K.K; McGlynn, E; Mosnier, J.-P; Henry, M.O. Surface and Coatings Technology 2005

Properties of Li-, P- and N-doped ZnO thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition. Duclère, J.-R; Novotny, M; Meaney, A; O’Haire, R; McGlynn, E; Henry, M.O; Mosnier, J.-P. Superlattices and Microstructures 2005

Synthesis and photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires/nanorods. Grabowska, J; Nanda, K.K; McGlynn, E; Mosnier, J.-P; Henry, M.O; Beaucamp, A; Meaney, A. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 2005

Fabrication of p-type doped ZnO thin films using pulsed laser deposition. Duclère, J.-R; O’Haire, R; Meaney, A; Johnston, K; Reid, I; Tobin, G; Mosnier, J.P; Guilloux-Viry, M; McGlynn, E; Henry, M.O. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 2005

Comparison of structural, optical and electrical properties of undoped ZnO thin films grown on r- and c-Al2O3 substrates using pulsed laser deposition. Meaney, A; Duclere, J.-R; McGlynn, E; Mosnier, J.-P; O’Haire, R; Henry, M.O. Superlattices and Microstructures 2005